When we think of the baby's skin, we imagine a soft, pink, velvety skin ... but what mothers and fathers often do not imagine is that many blemishes and pimples can appear on the baby's skin.
Some do not require treatment, and will resolve over time. Others require some specific treatments, continued for months, or sometimes several different types of treatments.
The pediatrician will be the one who recommends one or another type of treatment, but I leave you a few clues to identify some pimples or others.
They are white and yellowish bumps that appear on the baby's face, usually on the nose, chin, cheeks. They generally appear in the first weeks of life and usually disappear in the first months without a trace. They are like accumulation of fat on the baby's skin.
- Neonatal acne or neonatorum
They appear in some newborns over 2-4 weeks of age. They are red spots or pimples and may have a white head, similar to acne vulgaris. They usually disappear on their own, but we can help with some antibiotic mupirocin-type ointment, and keeping the skin clean and dry.
- Cradle cap
They are lesions that appear on the scalp, or on the baby's forehead. They can exist for the entire first year of life. The skin becomes dry, flaky, similar to dandruff, yellowish scales are shed. They are improved with special oils, which can be left to act at night and gently remove skin remnants with gauze in the morning.
- Atopic eczema
The skin becomes red, rough, thick and scaly, on the cheeks, scalp, elbows, diaper area, knees. Sometimes it occurs in families with allergy or asthma problems. In some cases it requires very intensive moisturizing treatment, and even topical corticosteroids. It can last the first few years of life or even into adulthood.
They are granites with a red base and a white tip, rough to the touch, that appear on the upper part of the back, neck, folds. They are caused by sweat or excessive heat. They are not very bothersome for the baby, although sometimes they can itch a little. The skin must be kept very dry, especially after bathing and in the areas of folds, and well hydrated.
- Rash diseases
Many of the infectious diseases that children have in the first years of life present with rashes. In certain types the rashes are very characteristic, and in others they are not so typical. The most frequent are: scarlet fever, roseola, infectious erythema or fifth disease, hand-foot-mouth disease, chickenpox, sudden rash, rubella, measles.
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