The fever It is one of the most frequent situations that parents will have with their little ones. In general, parents are always scared when the temperature of children rises, but fever is the body's response to a possible infection (small viruses enter our body and the body rises to cope with them), to some disease virus, or even the reaction of a vaccine or excess clothing that the child is wearing. "Therefore fever is not a disease in itself, but it is a symptom that things are going well ", explains Beatriz Martín, pediatric nurse.
If you notice that your child has a fever, before doing anything you have to evaluate how the little one is. Is turned off? Are you dehydrated? Does your temperature rise above 38.5 degrees? Then, we should start treating this fever.
If you look good, play and do not seem affected, analgesic-antipyretic drugs will be unnecessary even if you have a fever, since treating it does not cure you of anything, we only relieve you. And it is not necessary to treat the fever but the discomfort that it can produce.
If your child's fever has caught you in the middle of the night or on a holiday, you can wait trying to lower the fever with some home tips, before resorting to the medications that the child's pediatrician will prescribe:
1- Remove the child's clothing to prevent his body temperature from rising even more. Dress him in something light, preferably cotton. If it's a baby, the diaper will be enough.
2- Keep the little one in a well-ventilated room that does not offer a draft, approximately 21 degrees.
3- The use of wet cloths, alcohol rubs, showers or baths to reduce fever is not recommended because the child's temperature can drop sharply and this can be dangerous and create a rebound effect.
4- Offer a liquid diet to the child to compensate for the losses generated by sweat and avoid dehydration. It is advisable for the child to drink mineral water, fruit juices and light broths. The homemade serum is also indicated mainly for babies.
5- You only have to use fever medications if there is pain or discomfort. Ibuprofen and paracetamol (never aspirin) are usually recommended and it is not advisable to alternate one and the other because their effectiveness is not 100% proven and we run the risk of being wrong.
There are many hoaxes about the consequences that fever can have on children, such as deafness, brain damage, blindness or even death, but fever alone does not cause any of this by itself. For this reason and, as explained by the Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics, it is important for parents to monitor if there is a worsening in the child's condition (we would perhaps be talking about another situation more dangerous than an episode of fever) and consult urgently if:
- Dark, red or purple spots are produced that do not disappear when the surrounding skin is stretched.
- Decay, irratibility or excessive crying difficult to calm.
- Neck stiffness.
- Seizure or loss of consciousness
- Difficulty in breathing (very fast and agitated breathing, wheezing is heard when breathing, marks the ribs and sinks the sternum).
- Persistent or very profuse vomiting or diarrhea causing dehydration (sunken eyes, dry tongue, absence of saliva).
- If you do not urinate or it is scarce.
- In children under 3 months, you have to go to the pediatrician yes or yes because they are still too young, their immune system is very immature and they can run the risk of the infection spreading rapidly.
- When the fever lasts more than 2 or 3 days.
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