During pregnancy, the fetus acquires certain defenses, through the placenta, so that it can defend itself against some diseases at birth, its immune system being weak and underdeveloped. Through colostrum, the first milk that comes out of his mother's breasts, the little one will receive millions of antibodies, which will allow him to stay away from many infectious diseases for a time. But there are very contagious diseases that deserve to further strengthen your defenses, since they can bring multiple complications and even death, hence the importance of vaccines from birth and, of course, back to school.
In the year 1796, the British Doctor Edward Jenner, invented the first vaccine in history. It was against a disease called smallpox and, from that moment, vaccination was started to prevent diseases.
Vaccines are a biological preparation of microorganisms, either virus or bacteria, killed or attenuated, or derived from them, which are administered orally, subcutaneously or intramuscularly, to produce or generate a response of the immune system against these microorganisms.
Actually, the purpose of vaccines is to make the immune system believe that it is being attacked by a certain microorganism, which generates a defense response, creating antibodies against that agent and creating an immunological memory that always allows the attacker to be recognized and eradicated.
Vaccines have become one of the most important inventions of humanity, since thanks to them they have been able to eradicate certain world diseases such as smallpox. The importance of vaccines is so great that their health benefits have no limits, being capable of eradicating diseases that can cause major epidemics, sequelae and even death.
Polio and measles are almost eradicated and diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, and meningococcal and hemophilus meningitis have been controlled. Vaccines have saved many lives and benefit both the vaccinated and the unvaccinated, who are susceptible to these diseases from being in the sick child's environment (this is called herd or group immunity, and is achieved with a 95% vaccination coverage).
Vaccines have saved so many lives that no medicine compares to it, Therefore, vaccinating ourselves and our children is a responsible way of acting against so many diseases that can cause death and we also prevent the appearance of diseases that are already eradicated worldwide.
The issue of vaccines has become a controversial issue in recent times, since they have been adjudged to be the cause of diseases or conditions, such as autism, for example, but in reality that is NOT scientifically proven, so to my parents in the office I highly recommend them. We are preventing diseases !!!!
During the first years of life, children can get sick frequently, because their immune system is not well developed and when they start kindergarten or school, children can be the carriers of diseases, especially contagious diseases, such as diphtheria , whooping cough, measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or parainfluenza and others, so it is imperative and necessary that they receive their vaccinations before starting school.
Many schools request as a requirement before starting classes, the review by the pediatrician, laboratory check and update the vaccination schedule. When they go to my office, I do an exhaustive physical examination to verify that the child is in good health, body-stature and psychomotor development and I issue "the Certificate of healthy child", I check their laboratory, making the necessary indications, and They place the vaccines that are necessary according to their age, to guarantee the prevention of diseases within the institution.
Immunization with vaccines does not guarantee 100% of not getting sick, but if it happens to them, it will be a much milder and uncomplicated disease, which endangers the lives of children, so you must have an updated vaccination record. In addition, as a pediatrician, I also recommend:
- Do not take children to school in case of presenting an infectious disease or simply fever.
- Wash your hands with soap and water frequently, both at home and at school.
- And teaching children to cough at the level of the forearm, it is safer to avoid transmitting diseases, when they do it at the level of the hand.
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