Valgus flat foot is an orthopedic condition, which consists of the absence of the arch of the foot, that is, the entire internal part of the foot is flat and touches the ground, the ankle is curved inwards and the heel curves outwards. In children this can be a normal condition, as the arch of the foot does not develop until after 6 to 7 years. If after this age there has been no change, it can be considered as a pathology, which will need orthopedic and physiotherapeutic treatment. Here we leave you some exercises to help kids flat feet valgus from home.
Flat feet are due to a weakness of the tendons and ligaments that support the joints. This weakness can be of congenital, inflammatory, traumatic, idiopathic origin and, regardless of the cause, an alteration of the musculoskeletal structure can occur.
Flat feet can manifest itself in children when we observe that they fall frequently, they report pain in their lower limbs at night, they stumble when walking and wear footwear on one side. In these cases, we must request a consultation with the orthopedic traumatologist for their evaluation and decision-making.
Many parents wonder if flat valgus skin can be corrected and the answer is yes. This will require the use of templates and / or wedges and the practice of special exercises that I will describe below.
1. Standing on your toes (heel raises) or walking on your toes or toes, varying the position of the feet to work all the muscles. With this exercise the muscles involved in the formation of the plantar arch are strengthened. It would be 20 repetitions of each: feet parallel and together and feet parallel and shoulder-width apart.
2. Rise of the plantar arch. The child will try to raise the arch without taking his toes and heels off the ground. At first it will be complicated, that's why it will be unilateral and, later when it is successful, it will do it with both feet at the same time. Also 20 reps.
3. Walk on the outer edge of the foot, for 2 to 3 minutes and on a smooth surface. With this exercise the internal muscles of the leg are developed. As it is an exercise with a forced position of the foot, if there is pain at the beginning, the ideal is to stop and resume when feeling better.
4. Place a container on the floor and spread small toys and try with your toes to pick up the toys and place them in the container.
5. Place a soft ball or a roller and with the sole of the foot, movements are made back and forth and repeated 20 times with each foot. Let the exercise sit at the level of the plantar arch.
6. Maintain balance on one foot (lame leg), first with one and then the other. At first it can be supported, since it is difficult to do this exercise when you have flat feet. This exercise works the intrinsic muscles of the foot and other muscles of the limb, which are necessary for unipodal balance.
7.- Place a small object between your toes and walk around the room, trying not to let it fall. Do it first with one foot and then with the other. It will strengthen the muscles of the foot and leg.
8.- Walk about 8 to 10 meters with the heel of both feet and then do it on tiptoe back. If there is pain, stop and resume when disappearing.
These exercises, together with the use of special insoles for flat feet and the recommendations indicated by the orthopedic doctor, will improve the symptoms and gradually form the plantar arch, of course, patience and perseverance to obtain good results.
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