Are you pregnant and you just found out that you have head lice? Surely it is a situation that generates many doubts, especially in the face of how to treat lice in pregnancy, And it is that you are at a time in your life in which it is not convenient to take many medications or substances and chemicals, since they can affect the development of the baby. As we know that it is a situation that can occur more frequently than is believed and that worries many pregnant women, we want you to know how to kill these small insects without endangering your little one's life or yours.
Lice are small insects that live on people's heads. Its most common location is on the neck and behind the ears. They are parasites and need to feed on blood to survive. There are three stages in the life cycle of these insects, which are not able to survive long outside the head of a human being, since they do not have food or the right temperature.
- Nits: during the first week they are eggs, attached to the scalp.
- Nymphs: for 9-10 days, the louse just hatched from the egg. Invisible to the human eye, it cannot be reproduced.
- Adult louse: for 15-16 days, the females lay eggs daily together with a sticky substance to fix the egg to the hair.
They are only spread through contact between people, since they cannot jump or fly. They are not related, although commonly thought, to personal hygiene. The most common is that young children are infected, as they tend to rub their heads when playing, and then these can infect their families. They are very annoying, since they cause an itchy sensation in the head, which can lead to scratching wounds.
If you are not in contact with children, it is difficult to get infected, but when you are pregnant and have small children, there is a probability that if they are infected, they can transmit them to us, therefore it is quite easy to become infected. In case you detect that your child has lice, be especially careful with contact with his scalp (for example, hugging him a lot, sleeping with him, taking a selfie ...) and try to eliminate them as soon as possible.
There are many treatments for lice: shampoos, creams, lotions ... They are available in pharmacies and supermarkets and are used regularly, but the problem or doubt comes when it is a pregnant woman who must use them.
It has always been heard that lice can be eliminated with vinegar, there are even voices that affirm that vinegar must always be used diluted, since if we cannot create erosions on the skin, but the reality is that there is no scientific evidence to support its use ; in fact there is a bibliographic review carried out by experts that says that no homemade method eliminates them 100%, What's more, they tell us that when drug treatments fail, the only effective thing is manual nit picking.
Therefore, as in pregnancy the ideal is to avoid the use of all kinds of chemicals and medications, the first recommended option would be to use combs or nits to try to remove them manually. You can also use natural anti-lice lotions, sold in the market based on oils such as tea tree, which are specifically recommended by pharmaceuticals for pregnancy. And, if none of this is effective, permethrin, which is an insecticide, could be used.
Permethrin is classified within category B of drugs, which means that studies carried out in animals have not shown fetal risk, but there are no adequate or well-controlled studies in pregnant women; or animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but studies in pregnant women have not been able to demonstrate risk to the fetus in any trimester of pregnancy. This group includes drugs for which there is no evidence of fetal risk. The use of these drugs is generally accepted during pregnancy.
To give you an idea, this same group includes paracetamol, which is the only drug that is recommended to be consumed by pregnant women without a prescription; We are also talking about a topical application, so the absorption and therefore what can reach the baby will be minimal. This means that in case other methods without permethrin do not work, it can be used.
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