During the first months of the baby's life, the child's relationship with food is very little, since it is based exclusively on breast or artificial breastfeeding. Everything changes when, at six months of age, we begin with the introduction of solids, an excellent time to educate babies in about healthy eating habits. Here are some things you can do for your baby's health!
Around six months of age, babies begin to show signs that they are ready to consume solid foods and to abandon exclusive breastfeeding. These signs are usually manifested at first by an interest in adult food, by touching it and putting it in the mouth, by the loss of the extrusion reflex and, above all, because they begin to be able to stand upright in a sitting position almost without help.
At this point, we can follow a series of tips to ensure that our little one's diet is as healthy as they were before starting complementary feeding, when he was only fed breast milk.
1. Make sure that the basis of the baby's diet is still milk, breast or formula, at least up to one year of age, always offering the breast before other foods.
2. Choose times of the day when the child is calm and do not be hungry to offer foods other than milk. This way we make sure that their attention is focused on how interesting the new food seems to them and not on their need for food, since, at the beginning of the complementary feeding, the little one does not know that what we are offering is food.
3. Offer food as many times a day as we want, but always keeping in mind that you can eat practically nothing, and it is perfectly normal.
4. Respect the 3-day rule, that is, wait a minimum of 3 days to offer a new food. During those 3 days, the new food can continue to be consumed, always bearing in mind that food allergies usually appear on the second contact and not when the food is consumed for the first time. It can be helpful to keep a food diary for the first few weeks.
5. Choose foods that are normally eaten at home, because it is useless to interest the baby in foods that we as adults never consume, since, when he is older and eats adult food -obviously making sure that our diet is healthy and balanced, of course-, they will not be part of your usual diet.
6. Choose a variety of foods, within those that are usually consumed, and preferably choose seasonal fruits and vegetables.
7. Do not add salt to foodSince the kid's kidney system is not prepared to eliminate it, and it could cause serious problems.
8. Avoid cow's milk and dairy products until at least one year of age. However, fermented foods such as cheeses and yogurts could be offered somewhat before 12 months if calcium intake could be deficient. Fermented foods are easier to digest and also provide lactic acid bacteria, which help strengthen the intestinal microflora.
9. Limit sugar consumption to the maximum, not only because it is related to an increased risk of obesity, but also because foods rich in sugar have no place when we try to educate ourselves on healthy eating habits.
10. Respect the baby's appetite. It should be remembered that the foods that are usually introduced at the beginning, fruits and vegetables, are much less caloric than milk, and much more voluminous than it. It is very difficult for a child to eat enough in one feeding to meet their energy needs, since their stomach is still small and fills up easily. We must understand that, despite being full, you may still need food, and will ask for it as soon as you digest the fruit / vegetables.
11. Must introduce iron sources to complement breastfeeding, since milk is not usually rich in this mineral. Veal is an exceptional source of this mineral.
12. Offer gluten-free foods in a controlled manner, before abandoning breastfeeding, since, according to the latest studies, it protects against a possible allergy. In fact, currently, it has been observed that breastfeeding protects against all types of allergies -food and non-food-, so, except for contraindications according to the pediatrician, it is advisable to introduce potentially allergenic foods while breastfeeding continues maternal.
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