During childhood, respiratory diseases are very frequent, especially due to a large number of viruses, which have more than 150 different types, that are in the atmosphere. This circumstance makes, first of all, parents confuse some of the childhood respiratory diseases more frequent with a simple cold, without knowing that they are much more dangerous for the health of our child. Do you want to know how to differentiate, for example, a common cold from a flu or bronchitis?
The symptoms of some childhood respiratory diseases they are very similar to a cold, which is why there is some confusion when diagnosing. Therefore, it is important that parents know what each thing is to go to the pediatrician at home urgently.
There are respiratory conditions that resemble the common cold or catarrh, but which are more dangerous diseases that can compromise the child's general condition much more, so you have to know how to differentiate and diagnose them in time to administer the appropriate treatment and avoid complications. I go on to detail what each one of them is, its symptoms and its complications.
It is a respiratory condition caused by many types of viruses, but most frequently by rhinovirus, which enters the body through the mouth, eyes or nose and spreads through flugge drops, which are tiny particles expelled talking, coughing, sneezing, breathing, which carries infectious germs from one person to another.
It incubates for 48 to 72 hours and is mostly a high respiratory condition, with general discomfort, eye irritation, nasal congestion with abundant rhinorrhea and dry cough, which can improve in a couple of weeks. Very rarely fever which, in any case, could last for up to 3 days.
It is an acute respiratory disease, also caused by a virus, called influenza, with 18 to 36 hours of incubation. It is also transmitted through flugge droplets from coughs and sneezes, and through direct contact through the hands or fomites.
The symptoms are more dramatic than that of the common cold, with a very high fever, very intense muscle aches, especially in the legs and back, extreme fatigue and frequent cough with abundant secretions.
The most vulnerable ages are those under 5 and over 65. The incidence increases when there are temperature and seasonal changes and by weakening the immune system, defenses are lowered and contagion is easier. The flu is prevented with the influenza vaccine, which is administered from 6 months of age.
Croup syndrome or laryngotracheitis or laryngotracheobrinchitis
It is a respiratory disease that is usually triggered by an acute viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, and that causes inflammation of the larynx, trachea and sometimes the bronchi. It is more common in children, between 6 months and 3 years. It happens in the same way as the previous ones and is very contagious during the first days.
Characterized by fever, laryngeal stridor, hoarseness and barking cough that begins suddenly in the early morning hours, which is characteristic of this pathology and which practically guides us to the diagnosis of it. He also has difficulty breathing, especially if it affects the bronchial level.
It is the inflammation of the tissue that lines the bronchial tubes, of generally viral origin and that produces a picture of respiratory distress, with frequent cough and abundant white, yellow or greenish mucus. It also generates a feeling of pressure in the chest, hoarseness and nasal congestion.
Treatment for any of these childhood respiratory diseases It is practically the same (symptomatic), but the most important thing is prevention, which consists of taking extreme hygiene measures:
1. Use of mask.
2. Wash hands with soap and water frequently.
3. Avoid contact with infected people, with their secretions or fomites.
Take note of these tips and forget for a long time the childhood respiratory diseases more common like the flu or bronchitis.
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