It is very normal that during pregnancy, the skin undergoes some changes, among which are, for example, the appearance of stretch marks, itching, facial blemishes ... As a general rule, these changes are not important, however It is always advisable to have them examined by the midwife and / or gynecologist, especially when it comes to skin rashes. In this post we will talk about spots on the face during pregnancy: what they are, why they appear and how to eliminate them.
During pregnancy, the pregnant woman may notice changes in the pigmentation or color of the skin as a result of an increase in the production of melanin (a hormone that gives color to our skin, hair and eyes). Among these changes we can find:
- Increased pigmentation in the mammary areola. In addition, the limits of the nipples can be blurred with the skin.
- Appearance of the linea alba, usually going from the navel to the symphysis pubis, but sometimes it can extend over the abdomen.
- Increased pigmentation in the vulva, making it much darker.
- The face may also appear chloasma gravidarum, that is, spots on the cheekbones, nose, forehead and upper lip (characteristically shaped like a butterfly) as a consequence of the hyperproduction of melanin that we talked about before. Each woman's genetic makeup and exposure to the sun predispose to the appearance of chloasma.
Well, chloasma gravidarum is not a malignant condition, therefore it does not harm the mother or the future baby! We are talking about a benign disorder, which does not entail any health problem, however for many women it can be unsightly that these spots appear on their face, and remain over time, thus feeling uncomfortable.
It should be noted that once chloasma appears, it is not easily eliminated and, as we said before, it tends to last over time (even months after delivery and, in the cases of women who breastfeed, it can remain until I stop breastfeeding maternal), therefore the best treatment is prevention.
How can I prevent chloasma? Despite the fact that hormones and genetics play an important role in the appearance, as we said above, exposure to the sun is not far behind. This is where we can 'work' to prevent its appearance.
Thus, we must avoid direct exposure to the sun, especially in the hottest months, however we should not rely on the winter months, since ultraviolet rays are still present. Therefore, sun protection creams are our best allies to prevent chloasma gravidarum or spots on the skin during pregnancy get noticed. These should be total protection and are recommended to be accompanied by good facial hydration.
Once these facial spots appear, is there any treatment to eliminate them? Today there are facial treatments to eliminate them or at least reduce their intensity, but it is a difficult task that requires dedication, time and money, since these processes are not usually cheap.
There are laser-based facial treatments, which together with specific creams can give results. These must be applied outside of pregnancy, that is, once the mother has her baby in her arms.
Another treatment that is within everyone's reach is time! And it is that little by little the chloasma will attenuate, it may even disappear completely. You only need a little patience and, little by little, you will recover your skin.
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