Vaccines can be a treatment capable of reducing the allergic child's response to the allergen and thus controlling asthma. Immunotherapy can change the natural course of allergic disease and consists of the administration of increasing amounts of allergen to a child sensitized with it, to decrease the allergic response, improve symptoms and reduce the use of symptomatic medication.
Immunotherapy should not be used in all cases, so the allergist must assess each case individually. Vaccines are indicated when there is:
- Rhinitis, conjunctivitis and asthma due to environmental allergens (pollens, mites, some fungi and animal epithelia).
- Serious reactions due to the sting of Heminoptera (bees and wasps).
- Certain occupational diseases such as baker's asthma.
Similarly, the contraindications to immunotherapy are relative. Thus, the allergist must assess them in each patient and, for this, the following conditions are usually taken into account:
- Children under 5 years of age, except in the case of hypersensitivity to hymenoptera venom.
- Pregnancy: the continuation of immunotherapy is not contraindicated, but its administration should not be started during pregnancy.
- Immunopathological diseases and severe immunodeficiencies.
- Tumor diseases.
- Severe psychological disorders.
- Severe or poorly controlled asthma
- Any disease or situation that contraindicates the use of adrenaline.
- Poor therapeutic compliance.
- Medications for childhood asthma
The two types of medications used to treat asthma include long-term controller medications and short-term quick-relief medications. Although the goal of both medications is to treat asthma symptoms, they are used for different purposes.
1. Long-term controller medications They are usually taken every day to control asthma symptoms and to prevent asthma attacks from occurring.
2. Quick relief medicationsthey are taken mainly to relieve the sudden onset of asthma symptoms (such as in an asthma attack), and in cases where asthma symptoms occur only occasionally.
The asthmatic child should grow up in an optimistic and warm environment so that he can gain confidence. A normal life must be maintained as much as possible, with the routines and activities that are needed. The overprotection of the child is totally discouraged so that he does not feel inferior or different in front of others. It is advisable to avoid phrases such as 'you cannot do this due to your illness'.
The reason is that asthma attacks can cause fear in the child, because the situation repeats itself continuously and it may even stop performing routine activities for fear that a similar episode will happen again. In these cases, as well as in others in which there are serious emotional problems, it is recommended to go to a specialist.
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