Childhood illnesses

Allergies and Asthma in Children

Asthma is one of the respiratory problems that most affect children. The asthmatic crisis can be triggered and produced basically by an allergen, although some experts reveal that it can also be related to emotional states. The truth is that there are some symptoms that can alert parents to their child's possible asthma.

The Dr. Begoña Domínguez, President of the Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics, clarifies and explains which are the types of allergies that most affect children and what are the symptoms of childhood asthma.

When and how do allergies develop in children?
The first question we must ask about a child who has an allergy is first how old is the child, what type of allergy does he have, since children can have allergies to many things. Normally there are allergies that evolve from when children are born to an older age.

At the time of breastfeeding, children often have a food allergy, that is, a food allergy. What foods? The most common are milk, egg and fish. Later they usually have allergies to what we call pneumoallergens, that is, to allergens such as mites, pollen, grasses, pollen, mold due to humidity ..., which enter through the respiratory tract and cause asthma. And later, they already usually present allergic rhinoconjunctivitis.

What symptoms do allergic and asthmatic children usually present?
When the child has coughing, sneezing and difficulty breathing at night, also when he has some fatigue, wheezing and whistling or whistling in the chest when practicing physical exercises (about 85 percent of children have this problem), or when he laughs very hard, he also begins to cough, it can be said, at first, that everything he feels is related to asthma.

It is also necessary to observe if the child has constant flu symptoms and respiratory infections such as bronchitis, pneumonia ... or if they have respiratory disturbances due to sudden changes in temperature.

How to make a proper diagnosis of childhood asthma?
To make a proper diagnosis and control of childhood asthma, one would first have to know if there is a history of asthma in the family. It is also necessary to look for a history in the child himself, if he has previously had skin problems such as atopic dermatitis, if at a certain moment he has developed pimples or the skin has itchy, in areas of the arms, legs, on the knees , etc., as well as if you have had any kind of food allergies.

Apart from that, you also have to know the frequency of the symptoms, that is, know if the symptoms are permanent throughout the year or if they appear mainly in the spring. If the symptoms are present all year round, logically we would be more in the presence of allergens such as mites. If the symptoms appear only in spring, we would be facing a situation of allergy to pollen and grasses. All these things must be studied in a correct, concrete way, with specific tests so that a proper diagnosis and treatment can be given.

When to take the child to the pulmonologist?
For the asthmatic child to achieve good health, asthma control is essential. It is recommended that there be cooperation between the patient and their physician. The doctor can teach children as well as parents how to handle an asthma attack, how to prevent it, etc.

It is necessary to identify and reduce children's exposure to asthma triggers. Each treatment is personalized in writing. So medical guidance is essential in these cases. Pediatricians are the only ones who can diagnose asthma.

When is the health of an asthmatic child considered controlled?
The health of a child is controlled when running or practicing physical exercise does not present cough or stress, when the child sleeps well, does not need to use reliever medications such as bronchodilators and does not present attacks or asthma attacks.

When does the allergic child suffer an episode of anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis is an extreme allergic reaction to an allergen, a serious condition that can initially cause hives on the skin, causing swelling of the lips, hands and eyes. Wheezing also appears, that is, the child breathes with difficulty, and then anaphylactic shock and a significant loss of consciousness may appear in the child.

But, in general, not all children have the same manifestations, although they usually first present hives on the skin or around the lips, then they spread over the face, eyelids and eyes, then the hands and the child begins to breathe with difficulty.

You can read more articles similar to Allergies and Asthma in Children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

Video: Peanut Allergies: A Bigger Threat to Kids with Asthma (September 2020).