Children's backpack and back

Children's backpack and back

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The excessive weight that most school children carry in their huge backpacks and on their shoulders is leading many children to back injuries due to overexertion and muscle fatigue. When buying a new backpack for your child, consider the size and weight of the child.

According to experts, the backpacks that children bring to class each day should not exceed 15 percent of their weight, to avoid back pain and problems. What's more, doctors recommend that the weight of the backpack be 10 percent of the child's weight.

According to Dr. Avelino Ferrero, president of the SERMEF (Rehabilitation Service of the Ramón y Cajal Hospital, Madrid), "the problem is not the backpack but the weight that the child carries in it." This specialist explains that 'the weight produces great traction and pressure on the muscles and joints, due to the overload of the backpack'.

Faced with this situation, he recommends that parents talk with teachers to avoid taking so much school supplies home on a daily basis. As for the wheeled backpacks, which, when they came on the market, seemed to be a more suitable alternative, the specialist believes that it is not the most correct solution either, given that children pull them, thus producing an increase in the back curve and causing pain. backwards. The ideal, according to him, is that children do not carry more weight than recommended.

1. Use backpacks with wide, padded straps, and with padded back.

2. Wear tight-fitting backpacks, trying to keep the bag about 5 cm above your waist.

3. Spread the weight. Always carry the backpack by both straps and never by just one, so as not to overload one of the shoulders.

4. Do exercise. Play sports or exercises to strengthen your back muscles.

5. Organize your backpack putting the heaviest books close to the back and keeping everything in its place.

6. Drag weight. Choose to carry backpacks with wheels, avoiding pulling them when going down or going up steps.

7. Keep your spine straight and not curved, to carry the backpack with wheels.

8. If there is a lot of material, carry part of the weight in your hands.

9. Limit content weight and avoid transporting useless loads. If the backpack is very heavy, the child is forced to arch the spine forward or to bend the head and trunk forward to compensate for the weight.

10. Use both hands to grasp the backpack, bend your knees and bend over to lift it.

11. Control the time. Avoid having your child carry the backpack with a lot of weight for more than 15 minutes. In this sense, parental supervision is essential and more than necessary. And the collaboration of the teachers as well.

Excess weight in backpacks is a serious problem because it has irreversible and long-term consequences for children. It can cause from infantile scoliosis, to kyphosis or early osteoarthritis. In some cases, it can prevent the proper growth of children's bones.

The president of the Foundation, Dr. Francisco Kovacs, warns that "another factor to take into account is physical activity." It highlights that a sedentary lifestyle is bad and emphasizes that children should engage in regular and appropriate physical activity or sport, and avoid sitting all day. Apart from that, it should be observed if the school furniture is adequate to the height of the child to avoid bad posture, which is another factor that hurts the back of children.

You can read more articles similar to Children's backpack and back, in the category of Orthopedics and on-site traumatology.

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